Virgen de la almudena madrid

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Virgen de la almudena madrid

Catedral de madrid

La Catedral de Madrid está dedicada a esta advocación de la Virgen, y su festividad, el 9 de noviembre, es una fiesta importante en Madrid[2]. Existen réplicas que se utilizan en las procesiones, así como versiones más recientes de la estatua en diversos lugares.

A pesar de las diversas leyendas sobre su origen, los historiadores del arte atribuyen la estatua que ahora se encuentra en la catedral al escultor neerlandés Diego Copín de Holanda, que trabajó en España, alrededor del año 1500. Su nombre deriva del término árabe de Al Mudayna, o la ciudadela[cita requerida].

Existen varias leyendas sobre el icono. Una de ellas cuenta que en el año 712, antes de la toma de la ciudad por las fuerzas musulmanas que avanzaban, los habitantes de la ciudad sellaron la imagen de la Virgen dentro de las murallas que rodeaban la ciudad para su propia protección[cita requerida] En el siglo XI, cuando Madrid fue reconquistada por el rey Alfonso VI de Castilla, los soldados cristianos se esforzaron por encontrar la estatua. Tras varios días de oración, la mancha de la pared que ocultaba el icono se derrumbó, dejando al descubierto la estatua [cita requerida] Otra leyenda cuenta que, cuando los soldados cristianos se acercaban a la ciudad, tuvieron una visión de María que les imploraba que le permitieran entrar en la ciudad. Una vez más, se produjo el milagroso desmoronamiento del muro, y el icono mostró una ruta de entrada a través de las murallas[cita requerida].

Our lady of the almudena festive

The Virgin of the Almudena is the patron saint of our city, it is not known for sure since when. Nor is it known exactly from what time it receives the name of Almudena, the first document in which it is mentioned is a will of 1377 in favor of works in the primitive temple, the church of Santa Maria.

The primitive church of Santa María is one of the churches that appears in the Fuero de Madrid of 1202, granted by Alfonso VIII, and is considered the oldest. The church was located in the current Almudena street in front of the Calle Mayor.

After many attempts and vicissitudes, due to the enlargement works of Mayor and Bailén streets, the decision was made to demolish it, which began on October 27, 1868 and ended on May 4, 1869.

This entry is a summary of part of my work «La Virgen de la Almudena. Historia, leyendas y representaciones de la imagen venerada en la Catedral de Madrid» published in El Mundo de las Catedrales, Colección del Instituto Escurialense de Investigaciones Históricas y Artísticas, nº 62, San Lorenzo del Escorial, 2019.

Day of the almudena madrid 2021

The title is of Arabic origin, and had traditionally been considered to come from the word al-mudy («almudín»), meaning: «grain warehouse»;[1] but Arabists and specialized historians[2][3] agree today that the name comes from the word al-mudayna (= «the citadel», which is diminutive of the word al-madina = «the city»), a word that would refer to the ancient walled military enclosure that occupied the promontory where the Cathedral and the Royal Palace of Madrid stand today.

The almudena holiday

It is worth mentioning the existence of an anonymous bronze plaque, dated 1616, where these same origins of the devotion are recorded. There is also an anonymous canvas from the 18th century and an engraving by Franciscus Ignacius Ruiz from the same century, which illustrate the aforementioned tradition.

The tradition, also collected by other authors, tells us that when King Alfonso VI conquered Madrid in 1083, the Mozarabic Christians explained to him that there was an image of the Virgin hidden, but in an unknown place.

Alfonso VI made a promise to the Virgin that if he conquered Toledo, he would return to Madrid to look for the hidden image and so he did. When the king conquers the Imperial city in 1085, he returns to Madrid and forms a procession of rogations to find the image.

It is then when the carving of the Virgin is transferred to the church of the Blessed Sacrament of the Bernardas Mothers (nowadays the Cathedral of Castrense), where it remains until May 29, 1911, when it is taken to the Crypt of the Cathedral, which would be inaugurated days later.